Comprehensive Guide to Vaginal Health: FAQs Answered

Maintaining vaginal health is crucial for overall well-being and confidence as a woman. Here are some frequently asked questions (FAQs) about vaginal health that women commonly have and their respective answers.

Harleen Kaur
New Update
vaginal health faq

Vaginal health

  Maintaining vaginal health is crucial for overall well-being and confidence as a woman. But the majority of women don't know much about the most delicate and important part of their body, they usually have doubts about their vaginal health, odor, pleasure, size, etc but never dare to ask directly. It is still considered taboo for women to talk about their own body parts.

Here are some frequently asked questions (FAQs) about vaginal health that women commonly have:

♦ Are Vulva and Vagina the same?

The terms "vulva" and "vagina" refer to different parts of the female reproductive anatomy.

The vulva is the external part of the female genitalia. It includes several structures, such as Labia(commonly known as lips) Cilotris, and Urethral opening: The opening through which urine passes from the bladder and Vaginal opening.

The vagina is an internal muscular canal that connects the vulva to the cervix, which is the lower part of the uterus. It is located inside the body and is not visible externally. It is responsible for sexual intercourse, birth, and menstruation.

♦ How to maintain vaginal hygiene?

The vagina is a normally moist area with a non-offensive odor.The vagina has its own cleaning mechanism that maintains a healthy pH balance and keeps it in optimal condition.

  •  Wash your private area with lukewarm water every time after using the restroom and pat the area dry.
  • Avoid using soaps and do not scrub. You can use pH Balanced hygiene washes which are now freely available in the market.
  • Vaginal douching is not necessary for cleanliness and can actually disrupt the natural balance of the vagina.
  •  Change your undergarments at least twice daily. Always wear cotton undergarments that are loosely fitting and give the bottom area enough place to breathe.
  • Avoid lace and elastic especially when it is hot and humid.

♦ What is considered normal vaginal discharge?

Normal vaginal discharge can vary in color and consistency throughout the menstrual cycle. It is usually clear or white, odorless, or has a mild scent, and may increase during ovulation or sexual arousal. However, if the discharge has a strong odor, changes in color especially if its greenish-brown or consistency, or is accompanied by itching, burning, or irritation, it may indicate an infection, consult your doctor.

♦ How to maintain vaginal hygiene during periods?

  • Pads and Tampons should be changed every 4 to 6 hours. 
  • Extreme care has to be taken to not forget a Tampon inside the vagina.
  • Disposable or non-disposable pads, menstruation cups, and tampons all are safe.
  • Wipe from front to back after using the toilet to prevent the transfer of bacteria from the anal area to the vulva.

♦ What can cause vaginal itching?

Vaginal itching can be caused by various factors, including yeast infections, bacterial vaginosis, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), allergic reactions, or certain skin conditions.It's important to identify the underlying cause and seek appropriate medical treatment.

Adapt good hygiene habits, Consult your doctor if it is increasing day by day.

♦ What is Lax Perineum?

Childbirth can loosen the muscles that are a support for your pelvic floor. This can lead to various symptoms. One of the commonest is to feel that something is coming down through the vagina. This is called a prolapse. It can be of varying degrees and is usually prominent after menopause but for some, it can manifest even before menopause. Kegel’s exercises can help to strengthen the pelvic floor.

♦ Can use scented products in the vaginal area cause problems?

Scented products such as soaps, feminine sprays, douches, or perfumed pads can disrupt the natural pH balance of the vagina and lead to irritation or infections. It is best to avoid using such products in the vaginal area and opt for mild, unscented products instead.

♦ How can I prevent vaginal infections?

  • Maintain good hygiene, by keepong your vulva and vagina clean.
  • Wear breathable underwear, avoide excessive moisture in the vaginal area.
  •  Practicing safe sex, and avoide douching or using irritating products can help prevent vaginal infections.
  •  Additionally, maintaining a healthy lifestyle, including a balanced diet and managing stress levels, can support optimal vaginal health.

♦ Can hormonal birth control methods affect vaginal health?

Women may wonder how hormonal birth control methods, such as oral contraceptives or intrauterine devices (IUDs), can impact vaginal health. Questions may include concerns about changes in vaginal discharge, increased susceptibility to infections, or potential side effects.

♦ Is it normal to experience pain or discomfort during intercourse?

Many women have questions about pain or discomfort during sexual intercourse. Pain during penetration might be associated with a range of factors, including not enough lubrication. if your vagina is dry, you may be advised to try using a lubricant – remember to use a water-based product if you're using condoms because oil-based lubricants can damage them and make them ineffective.

Some other causes of pain in the vagina are:

  • An infection – thrush or a sexually transmitted infection (STI), such as chlamydia, gonorrhoea or genital herpes.
  • the Menopause – changing hormone levels can make your vagina dry.
  • Lack of sexual arousal at any age.
  • Vaginismus – a condition where muscles in or around the vagina shut tightly, making sex painful or impossible.
  • Genital irritation or allergy caused by spermicides, latex condoms or products such as soap and shampoo.
  • Get advice from your GP or a healthcare professional at a GUM clinic if you have pain during or after sex.

♦ How can I manage vaginal dryness?

Vaginal dryness can occur due to various factors, including hormonal changes, menopause, or certain medications. Women may ask about lubrication options, moisturizers, hormone replacement therapy, or lifestyle changes to alleviate vaginal dryness and improve comfort.

♦ Are there natural remedies for vaginal odor?

vaginal scents are very normal, and odor alone is not a symptom of a problem.Vaginal odor can sometimes cause embarrassment or concern. Women may inquire about natural remedies or lifestyle changes to help maintain a healthy vaginal odor or address unusual or unpleasant odors.

Healthy tips to reduce vaginal odor 

  • Wear breathable cotton undergarments.
  • Avoid the use of perfumes, powders, deodorant sprays or other scented products in the vaginal area 
  • Try to avoid wearing wet or damp undergarments for long periods of time, which can promote the buildup of bacteria 
  • If it is necessary to wash more than once during a day due to activity or exercise, remember to wash gently. Don’t overuse soap in your vulvar and vaginal area and in some cases, you may even want to consider just rinsing with water 
  • Avoid wearing panty liners or pads when not absolutely necessary, as these trap more moisture next to the skin

♦ Can certain foods or dietary changes affect vaginal health?

Yes ofcourse, our diet intake effects our vagina just like it effects our other body organs. Try incorporating these foods in your diet like

Pineapple-It is believed to sweeten the smell of vaginal secretions




Plain yoghurt.



It's important to note that while addressing FAQs can provide general information, individual circumstances may vary. It's always recommended to consult with a healthcare professional for personalized advice and guidance regarding specific vaginal health concerns.Remember, every woman's body is unique, and it's important to seek individualized advice from a healthcare professional for personalized care and guidance regarding vaginal health concerns.


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